Understanding How International Students from the Caribbean Arrive at the Decision to Remain within the United States Post-Graduation and the Connection to Brain Drain

Authors

  • Trevis Belle University of Central Arkansas
  • Susan R Barclay University of Central Arkansas
  • Thomas Bruick University of Central Arkansas
  • Phillip Bailey University of Central Arkansas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v12i4.3829

Keywords:

brain drain, international students, Caribbean, transition

Abstract

We utilized Schlossberg Transition Theory (1984) as the framework for understanding how international students from the Caribbean arrive at the decision to remain within the United States post-completion of their highest earned degree and the connection to brain drain. Using a phenomenological research design and a sample of six international students, who remained within the United States post-completion of their highest earned degree, the authors examined the underlying considerations participants made during their decision-making process. The interview questions included the following: (i) what experiences have led you to remain within the United States after your highest level of education, (ii) tell us about the process you undertook towards arriving at that decision, and (iii) tell me about people at your institution who were instrumental in helping you make that decision. Results revealed that all six participants relied on the following considerations: economical, political, and social, which contributed to their decision.

Author Biographies

Trevis Belle, University of Central Arkansas

Trevis Belle, M.S., is from the twin-island nation of St. Kitts & Nevis in the West Indies. He earned his Master of Science in College Student Personnel Administration in 2021 from the University of Central Arkansas in the United States. His major research interests are international student experiences and student affairs practice. Contact email is trevisbelle@gmail.com

Susan R Barclay, University of Central Arkansas

Susan R. Barclay is an associate professor at the University of Central Arkansas in the Department of Leadership Studies. Her research interests include student development and success, career transitions, use of career construction techniques in multiple settings, identity development, and life design. Contact email is srbarclay@uca.edu

Thomas Bruick, University of Central Arkansas

Thomas Bruick, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor and Program Coordinator for the College Student Personnel Administration program at the University of Central Arkansas in the United States. His research interests include graduation preparation within student affairs, higher education policy, and access. Contact email is tbruick@uca.edu

Phillip Bailey, University of Central Arkansas

Phillip Bailey, Associate Vice President for International Education and Engagement, is also a tenured Full Professor of French in the Department of Languages, Linguistics, Literatures and Cultures. Contact email is phillipb@uca.edu 

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Published

2022-01-03

How to Cite

Belle, T., Barclay, S. R., Bruick, T., & Bailey, P. (2022). Understanding How International Students from the Caribbean Arrive at the Decision to Remain within the United States Post-Graduation and the Connection to Brain Drain. Journal of International Students, 12(4). https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v12i4.3829