Sociocultural Factors That Impact the Health Status, Quality of Life, and Academic Achievement of International Graduate Students

A Comprehensive Literature Review

  • Roseline Jindori Yunusa Vakkai De Rose Community Bridge and Holistic Health, USA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0941-263X
  • Karleah Harris University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, USA
  • Jordan Jimmy Crabbe University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash, USA
  • Kenneth Sean Chaplin John Carroll University, USA
  • Mara Reynolds Voices of Monterey Bay and Gray Area Podcast, USA
Keywords: acculturation, international graduate students, internationalization, sociocultural factors

Abstract

This literature review explores the sociocultural experiences of international graduate students in universities in the United States. In addition to the typical challenges faced by students going to universities in America, international graduate students undergo extra stress. Research has shown that students face issues such as negotiating the U.S. health care system, the pressures of competency in American English, balancing financial concerns, social connectivity, and anxiety due to isolation from family and friends. These factors place students at risk for developing health problems. Significant findings have indicated that institutions and students’ age play important roles in impacting students’ successful adjusting experiences even though the struggle for acculturation is a personal task. We organized our analysis and discussion around how to help graduate students to obtain sociocultural support and concluded with some suggestions on ways to address inadequacies within the institutional systems to make the schools welcoming for international students.

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Author Biographies

Roseline Jindori Yunusa Vakkai, De Rose Community Bridge and Holistic Health, USA

ROSELINE JINDORI YUNUSA VAKKIA, PhD, is the executive director of DE Rose Community Bridge and Holistic Health Organization. Her research interests include the understanding of poverty and the hidden rules and culture of poverty; the homeless population; immigrants and refugee communities; and youth development.

Karleah Harris, University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff, USA

KARLEAH HARRIS, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at the University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. Her research interests include using inquiry-based science learning to study kindergarten students’ explanations and  examining the types of discourse strategies teachers’ use during classroom science discourse. Her research also examines adolescent development, grandparenting, and culturally responsive teaching.

Jordan Jimmy Crabbe, University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash, USA

JORDAN J. CRABBE is an Associate Professor of Statistics and the Coordinator of Statistics and Business Analytics at University of Cincinnati-Blue Ash, teaching business analytics and statistics courses. Dr. Crabbe’s research interests are in multivariate kernel density estimation (an aspect of nonparametric statistics), probability theory, and general statistical studies and applications.

Kenneth Sean Chaplin, John Carroll University, USA

KENNETH SEAN CHAPLIN, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Sociology & Criminology at John Carroll University, University Heights, Ohio. His teaching and research interests are race and ethnic relations, sex and gender, and culture in leisure, sport, and higher education.

Mara Reynolds, Voices of Monterey Bay and Gray Area Podcast, USA

MARA REYNOLDS (BA English, Reed College '06) is a freelance editor and producer working with Voices of Monterey Bay and Gray Area Podcast. She is currently writing a book about western herbal medicine.

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Published
2020-08-15
How to Cite
Yunusa Vakkai, R. J., Harris, K., Crabbe, J. J., Chaplin, K. S., & Reynolds, M. (2020). Sociocultural Factors That Impact the Health Status, Quality of Life, and Academic Achievement of International Graduate Students. Journal of International Students, 10(3), 758-775. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v10i2.1222
Section
Research Articles