Forced Remote Learning during the COVID-19 Outbreak

International Students’ Stories from a Bahasa Indonesia (the Indonesian Language) for Foreigners Classroom




Indonesian language for foreigner, BIPA, COVID-19 outbreak, forced remote learning, international students


The present study explores the international students’ experiences of learning the Indonesian language (bahasa Indonesia) during the COVID-19 outbreak. Five students who learned bahasa Indonesia for foreigners were recruited for this narrative research. They were from Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen, Sierra Leone, and Japan. Narrative data were collected through in-depth interviews and then analyzed using language appraisal and emotional geography theories. Findings showed that the forced remote learning affected students’ emotional conditions, such as sadness, disappointment, anxiety, and resignation which contradicted their expectations. This empirical evidence suggests a change in remote learning management by integrating a sound instructional design to create autonomous learning.

Author Biographies


Hastowohadi is currently teaching English for vocational purposes in the Department of Accounting, at the Faculty of Economics of Politeknik Mitra Global Banyuwangi, East Java, Indonesia. He completed his Master’s degree in English Education at Universitas Islam Malang (UNISMA). His research interests lie in language materials development, task-based language teaching, and English for Vocational Purposes. Email:

Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum

Rina Wahyu Setyaningrum (corresponding author) has been teaching pre-service English teachers in the Department of English Education at the Faculty of Teacher Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. She earned her Master’s degree in Bilingual Education from Rangsit University in Thailand. Her research interests are in English for Young Learners (EYL) and Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). Email:

Fida Pangesti

Fida Pangesti is a faculty member in the Department of Indonesian Language Education at the Faculty of Teacher Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. She obtained her Master’s degree in Linguistics from Gadjah Mada University in Indonesia. Her research interests include bahasa Indonesia (the Indonesian Language) for foreigners and psycholinguistics. Email:


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How to Cite

Hastowohadi, Setyaningrum, R. W., & Pangesti, F. (2020). Forced Remote Learning during the COVID-19 Outbreak: International Students’ Stories from a Bahasa Indonesia (the Indonesian Language) for Foreigners Classroom. Journal of International Students, 10(S3), 180–197.



Research Articles (English)