Intercultural Effectiveness of International and Domestic University Students

A Case of Turkey


  • Ahsen Avcılar Recep Tayyip Erdogan University
  • Enes Gök Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University



Intercultural effectiveness, international students, domestic students, Turkey, higher education


Among the vast and diverse discussions and research on international students, the intercultural status of university students holds a special place in terms of integration and academic success. One of the discussions is the intercultural competencies of the students in higher education. In this respect, this study aims to compare the intercultural effectiveness of international and domestic students, as well as examine their intercultural effectiveness status in terms of different background characteristics. The data were collected from a public university in Turkey using the Intercultural Effectiveness Scale developed by Portalla and Chen. The findings revealed that international students compared with domestic counterparts show a higher level of intercultural effectiveness. Additionally, some background characteristics are significant predictors of the intercultural effectiveness of university students: grade level, parent’s nationality, being and living in a foreign country, and having a close friend(s) from a different culture. Some research and policy recommendations are provided.

Author Biographies

Ahsen Avcılar, Recep Tayyip Erdogan University

Ahsen Avcılar has an MSc in Educational Sciences from Recep Tayyip Erdogan University where she serves as an instructor. She is currently a Ph.D. student in Educational Management at Gazi University. 

Enes Gök, Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University

Enes Gök is an associate professor of the department of educational sciences at Karamanoglu Mehmetbey University. He is also currently serving as a consultant at the Higher education Quality Council of Turkey. He holds an MEd (2010) and EdD (2013) in higher education management from the University of Pittsburgh. During his education, he also served as the project associate and program coordinator at the University of Pittsburgh’s Institute for International Studies in Education, participating in national and international projects and events. His research interests include higher education administration, internationalization of higher education, comparative education, and quality in higher education.


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How to Cite

Avcılar, A., & Gök, E. (2021). Intercultural Effectiveness of International and Domestic University Students: A Case of Turkey. Journal of International Students, 12(2).



Research Articles (English)