Why did Engineering Students Choose to Study in China? 工科学生缘何来华留学

  • Guoyang Zhang
  • Jiabin Zhu
Keywords: 工科学生,留学中国,择校过程,质性研究

Abstract

China is currently the third-largest destination country for international students in the world. Among the international students in China, the number of those in engineering schools is increasing most rapidly. Based on the “Push-Pull” theory (Altbach, 1998) and a three-stage decision-making theory (Ma, 2017), this research explored the factors influencing international students’ choices of engineering schools in China. Twenty-two international students in engineering schools at a leading Chinese university were interviewed. Qualitative analyses of the interview data suggested that the participants were attracted to China by the availability of scholarships, ranking of the host university, and opportunities for personal growth and professional development. Meanwhile, it was found that positive relationships between the students’ home countries and China, inadequate educational and research resources in home countries, and higher tuition fees and educational costs involved in studying in Western countries also influenced their decision-making process.  中国已经成为全球第三大留学目的国,其工科留学生数量增速最快、位居所有学科第二。本研究基于囊括宏观因素与微观因素的“推拉”理论和国际学生择校三阶段理论的指导,采用质性研究方法,以S校为研究平台,一对一地访谈了来自亚、欧、美、非洲的22名工科学生,旨在探索形成工科学生来华留学“热潮”的原因。研究发现,可获得的奖学金、雄厚的工科实力、促进个人发展是影响他们来华留学的主要因素,友好的两国关系、母国教育与研究资源的匮乏、西方国家昂贵的留学费用在择校过程中也起到了一定作用。

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Author Biographies

Guoyang Zhang

张国洋,上海交通大学高等教育研究院硕士研究生。电子邮箱:guoguofighting@sjtu.edu.cn

GUOYANG ZHANG is a graduate student majoring in higher education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. Her research interests include project-based learning, and international engineering students’ learning experiences and learning outcomes. Email: guoguofighting@sjtu.edu.cn

Jiabin Zhu

朱佳斌(通讯作者),副研究员,上海交通大学高等教育研究院教育教学与人才成长中心主任助理、IEEE Transactions on Education副主编。电子邮箱:jiabinzhu@sjtu.edu.cn

JIABIN ZHU (corresponding author) is an Associate Professor and Assistant Director of the Center for Education and Human Development in the Graduate School of Education at Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China. She currently serves as an associate editor for IEEE Transaction on Education. Email: jiabinzhu@sjtu.edu.cn

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Published
2020-01-01
How to Cite
Zhang, G., & Zhu, J. (2020). Why did Engineering Students Choose to Study in China? 工科学生缘何来华留学. Journal of International Students, 10(S(1), 28-39. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v10iS(3).1769
Section
Special Issue - International Students in China (in Chinese)