Employment and Earnings of International Science and Engineering Graduates of U.S. Universities: A Comparative Perspective

  • Throy A. Campbell Oakwood University at Huntsville, United States
  • Maria Adamuti-Trache University of Texas at Arlington, United States
  • Krishna Bista Morgan State University, United States
Keywords: college student, earning, employment, foreign-born, higher education, international students, STEM

Abstract

International students represent a large percentage of the student population in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs at American colleges and universities. Although graduates of these programs are identified as having high employability, productivity, and earnings in the 21st-century job market, there is limited evidence on the effect of citizenship/visa status on these indicators. In this study, we examined the employment status and earnings of international (foreign-born) and American-born graduates of U.S. universities, particularly in science and engineering fields. Based on a sample of 14,400 graduates between 2004 and 2013, of whom 12% were foreign-born, the results indicated that foreign-born graduates (i.e., with temporary status or permanent status) had comparable or better outcomes than American-born graduates in terms of employment and earnings

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Author Biographies

Throy A. Campbell, Oakwood University at Huntsville, United States
THROY A. CAMPBELL is an Assistant Professor of Finance at Oakwood University at Huntsville, Alabama. He received his PhD in Education Leadership and Policy Studies and master’s degrees in Business Administration and Finance from the University of Texas at Arlington. His research interests include international students’ experiences and labor market outcomes of college graduates. 
Maria Adamuti-Trache, University of Texas at Arlington, United States

MARIA ADAMUTI-TRACHE is an Associate Professor in the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy Studies at the University of Texas at Arlington. She has a PhD in higher education and extensive experience in quantitative research. Her research areas include higher education, sociology of education, economics of education, science education, and immigration studies with focus on social inequity generated by gender, race/ethnicity, immigrant status, social class, disability. 

Krishna Bista, Morgan State University, United States

KRISHNA BISTA is an Associate Professor in the Department of Advanced Studies, Leadership and Policy at Morgan State University School of Education and Urban Studies. His research focuses on college student experiences related to classroom participation, perceptions of academic integrity, faculty-student relationships role of advisors, and cross-cultural teaching and learning strategies in higher education. Previously, Dr. Bista served as the director of Global Education at the University of Louisiana at Monroe, where he was Chase Endowed Professor of Education in the School of Education. He is the founding editor of the Journal of International Students, a quarterly publication in international education. 

Published
2018-01-01
How to Cite
Campbell, T. A., Adamuti-Trache, M., & Bista, K. (2018). Employment and Earnings of International Science and Engineering Graduates of U.S. Universities: A Comparative Perspective. Journal of International Students, 8(1), 409–430. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v8i1.172
Section
Research Articles