Mental Health Help-Seeking Intentions Among International and African American College Students: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

  • Jean Kesnold Mesidor Jackson State University, United States
  • Kaye F. Sly Jackson State University, United States
Keywords: mental health, help-seeking intention, international students, African American college students

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between social-cognitive factors (e.g., attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control), psychological distress, and help-seeking intentions for a sample of 111 international and African American college students. The results of this study showed that the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables (e.g., attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control) accounted for 17.7 % of the variance in help-seeking intentions. The first hypothesis, which predicted that positive attitudes toward mental health services and perceived behavioral control would be significant predictors of the students’ intentions to seek mental health services, was partially supported. Perceived behavioral control was the strongest predictor of helpseeking intentions. Contrary to our expectations, attitudes toward mental health services were not a significant predictor of mental health seeking intentions. The second hypothesis was not supported. There was no significant difference in mean intention scores for African American college students compared to international college students. 

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Author Biographies

Jean Kesnold Mesidor, Jackson State University, United States

Jean Kesnold Mesidor is a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at the Jackson State University, Mississippi. He is a licensed professional counselor and works as a part-time therapist at Catholic Charities URM program. He teaches multicultural psychology at Mississippi College. His research interests include trauma, posttraumatic growth, and mental health seeking intention and behavior in multicultural populations.

Kaye F. Sly, Jackson State University, United States

Dr. Kaye F. Sly is an Associate Professor in the Psychology Department at Jackson State University (JSU), Mississippi. She received her Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology at the Southern Illinois University-Carbondale. She is a clinical psychologist and is the Director of the Community Health Program at JSU. Her areas of interest include HIV/STD prevention service and research, women’s health disparities, substance abuse treatment and prevention and dual diagnosis.

Published
2014-04-01
How to Cite
Mesidor, J. K., & Sly, K. F. (2014). Mental Health Help-Seeking Intentions Among International and African American College Students: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of International Students, 4(2), 137-149. Retrieved from https://www.ojed.org/index.php/jis/article/view/474
Section
Research Articles