A Quantitative Assessment of Japanese Students’ Intercultural Competence Developed Through Study Abroad Programs
This study explores the elements of study abroad programs that contribute to cultivating intercultural competence. Through an empirically based quantitative examination of 303 Japanese students who study abroad from 13 different universities, it attempts to gain an understanding of the factors that enhance the development of intercultural competence. Considering that many previous studies worked about students in English-speaking countries, this study examines whether an investigation of Japanese students would yield similar results given the different context. The primary findings show that program types, prior local language proficiency and pre-departure orientation are predicted to have significant impact. The findings clearly demonstrate the importance of data-evidenced arrangements of study abroad programs based on student and program profiles to enhance students’ intercultural competence.
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