Statistical Analysis of Study Abroad Experiences of International Students in Five Major Host Countries of Europe


  • Josek Mikuláš Czech University of Life Sciences
  • Svobodová Jitka Czech University of Life Sciences



acculturation, academic support, discrimination, Erasmus programme, international students, satisfaction, study abroad


This paper examines a large dataset of questionnaire responses (n=5,321) of international students who have studied abroad (mainly via the Erasmus+ programme). Their acculturation experiences with campus discrimination (an acculturative stressor), academic support (a mediator of acculturation) and academic satisfaction (an outcome of acculturation) are analyzed and compared among five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Portugal). The measures of acculturation experiences are verified by Principal Component Analysis, which yields three components; Campus Discrimination, Academic Support, and Academic Satisfaction. The components are used as aggregate indexes for ranking the five major destination countries in Europe based on students’ experiences. A country-by-country comparison suggests that experiences from study abroad are most positive in Germany.

Author Biographies

Josek Mikuláš, Czech University of Life Sciences

MIKULÁŠ JOSEK, Ing, PhD candidate of the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic). He was a volunteer of the Erasmus Student Network AISBL as a Research Coordinator of the ESNsurvey 2016 project. His major research interests lie in the area of internationalization of higher education.

Svobodová Jitka, Czech University of Life Sciences

JITKA SVOBODOVÁ, Ing, PhD candidate of the Department of Statistics, Faculty of Economics and Management at the Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague (Czech Republic). Her major research interests lie in the area of statistics in medicine, biochemistry, genetics and molecular biology, endocrinology, regional disparities and agricultural economics.


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How to Cite

Mikuláš, J., & Jitka, S. (2019). Statistical Analysis of Study Abroad Experiences of International Students in Five Major Host Countries of Europe. Journal of International Students, 9(1), 1–18.



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