Neuroimaging and Reading Comprehension

  • Kyle Perkins Florida International University
  • Xuan Jiang Florida International University
Keywords: inverted U, reading networks, functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), neurolinguistics.

Abstract

In this position paper, we advocate that advancements made in other disciplinary areas such as neurolinguistics should be included into contemporary reading comprehension courses and programs.  We present findings from neurobiology of reading that suggest explanation of certain reading behaviors: (1) the differences between reading disability and typically developing readers; (2) an inverted U-shaped function that reflects the fact that learning to read is associated with increased activation (the rising part of the inverted U) and activation decreases are associated with familiarity, experience, and expertise (the falling part of the inverted U); (3) and, the identification of reading networks.  As potential pedagogical implications of neuroimaging studies to reading, a list of sentence structures is proposed as an example to further relate reading comprehension to cognitive capacity limits. 

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Author Biographies

Kyle Perkins, Florida International University

KYLE PERKINS, PhD, is a retired professor of TESOL from the Department of Teaching and Learning at Florida International University.  His research interests are reading comprehension, language testing, instructional sensitivity, second language acquisition, and Rasch modeling. Email: perkinsk@fiu.edu

Xuan Jiang, Florida International University

XUAN JIANG, PhD, is an Assistant Director at the Center for Excellence in Writing at Florida International University. Her research interests include issues and strategies in academic writing, various instructional scaffoldings, interdisciplinary literacy, and transnationalism. Email: xjiang@fiu.edu

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Perkins, K., & Jiang, X. (2019). Neuroimaging and Reading Comprehension. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, 8(2), 74-94. https://doi.org/10.32674/jise.vi0.649