Exploring Self-perceived Employability and Its Determinants Among International Students in the United States





Self-perceived employability, international students, United States


The outcome of international education attracts increasing interests among scholars in the perceived employability and education-to-work transition. Yet, there is a lack of empirical studies focusing on understanding international students’ perceived employability and the strategies to improve their employability. The purpose of this study is to explore the perceived employability and its factors (e.g. demographic factors, educational factors, work-related factors, language and U.S. experience factors, and family factors) among international students in the U.S. Also, the study examines how gender moderates the relationships between perceived employability and other factors. A survey was conducted among international students at a midwestern public university in the U.S. and 138 participants’ responses were included in the data analysis. The result shows that international students are confident in their employability. Interestingly, compared to female international students, the advantages brought by being in the field of engineering or having more work experiences are mainly for males.


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Author Biographies

Yuanlu Niu, University of Arkansas

Yuanlu Niu, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Human Resource and Workforce Development at University of Arkansas. She holds a Ph.D. in Education with a concentration in the Workforce Education and Development and an MBA from Southern Illinois University Carbondale. Her research focuses on discrimination in the workplace, career development, human resource development, women’s studies, and workforce diversity.

Xu Xu, Henderson State University

Xu Xu, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor of Economics and Data Analytics at the School of Business at Henderson State University, Arkadelphia, AR.

Yidan Zhu, Lingnan University

Yidan Zhu, Ph.D., is a Research Assistant Professor at Lingnan University in Hong Kong. Dr. Zhu obtained her PhD in Adult Education and Community Development from Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE) at the University of Toronto in 2017. As a scholar committed to adult education and medical education, her research addresses two focal areas: 1) migrants’ transnational lifelong learning; 2) health professionals’ learning and medical/dental education.

Yvonne Hunter-Johnson, North Carolina A&T State University

Yvonne Hunter-Johnson, Ph.D., is an Associate Professor in the Department of Leadership and Adult Education at North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC.


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How to Cite

Niu, Y., Xu, X., Zhu, Y., & Hunter-Johnson, Y. (2022). Exploring Self-perceived Employability and Its Determinants Among International Students in the United States. Journal of Comparative & International Higher Education, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.32674/jcihe.v14i1.3027



Empirical Article