Neoliberalism and Kazakhstan's emerging higher education
Keywords:neoliberalism, higher education, Kazakhstan, privatization of higher education, new market system, diversification of public research universities.
The Republic of Kazakhstan is one of the Central Asian countries of the former Soviet Union. The ninth largest country in the world in physical size with a population of over 17 million people and significant oil, iron ore, coal, copper, and gas reserves, Kazakhstan gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. In the early 1990s, the Supreme Court of the Kazakh Social Soviet Republic declared the transition of a planned economy to a market economy. Kazakhstan’s market system has significantly impacted its emerging higher education system. Less government spending and the creation of private universities in Kazakhstan were the core strategies that have been implemented under the neoliberal policies of Nursultan Nazarbayev, Kazakhstan’s president from independence to this year (1991-2019).
Hilary Appel and Mitchell Orenstein, “Why Did Neoliberalism Triumph and Endure in the Post-Communist World?” Comparative Politics, vol.48, no.3, (2007):313-331
Wumaier Yilamu, Neoliberalism and Post-Soviet Transition, (London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2018)
Matthew Hartly, Bryan Gopaul, Aida Sagintayeva, and Renata Apergenova, “Learning Autonomy: Higher Education Reform in Kazakhstan”, Higher Education, vol.72, no.2, (2015):277-289
Yelena Mitrofanskaya, “Privatization as an International Phenomenon: Kazakhstan”, American Education International Law Review, vol.14, no.5, (2011): 1399-1438
Firtescu Bogdan, “Causes and Effects of Crises on Financial System Stability in Emerging Countries”, Procedia Economics and Finance, vol.3, (2012): 489-495
Yulami, Neoliberalism and Post-soviet Transition, 99
Iveta Silova, “The Interplay of “Posts” in Comparative Education: Post-socialism and Post-colonialism after the Cold War”, Research in Comparative and International Education, vol. 4, no.4, (2009): 367–384.
Christopher Lubienski, “School Choice and Privatization in Education: An Alternative Analytical Framework”, Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, vol.4, no.1 (2006): 1-27
Aida Sagintayeva and Kairat Kurakbayev, “Understanding the transition of public universities to institutional autonomy in Kazakhstan”, European Journal of Higher Education 5, no:2, (2015): 197-210
Kunduz Maksutova, “A Comparative Study of Higher Education Reforms of three Central Asian Countries: Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, Master's Capstone Projects. 145.(2004): Retrieved fromhttps://scholarworks.umass.edu/cie_capstones/
How to Cite
The findings, interpretations, conclusions, and views expressed in Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education (JCIHE) are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to CIES, HESIG, or the sponsoring universities of the Editorial Staff. These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License. Readers are free to copy, display, and distribute articles that appear in JCIHE as long as the work is attributed to the author(s) and JCIHE, it is distributed for non-commercial purposes only, and no alteration or transformation is made in the work. All other uses must be approved by the author(s) or JCIHE. By submitting a manuscript, authors agree to transfer without charge the following rights to JCIHE upon acceptance of the manuscript: first worldwide serial publication rights and the right for JCIHE to grant permissions as its editors judge appropriate for the redistribution of the article, its abstract, and metadata associated with the article in professional indexing and reference services.