Fishing Community in Wetland Region of Bangladesh: Views from the Field Experiences of Hakaluki Haor


  • Mohammad Ali Oakkas Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh
  • Md. Fakrul Islam University of Rajshahi, Bangladessh



Artisanal, Wetlands, Haor, Hakaluki Haor, Resources, Bangladesh


This study is a part of doctoral dissertation which basically observes the socio-economic condition of the artisanal fishing community of Hakaluki Haor in Bangladesh. The original study is exploratory in nature, and both qualitative and quantitative approaches have been used to attain the goals and objectives of the study. The main objective of the current article is to identify the present socio-demographic background of Hoar fishing community in Bangladesh. Data analysis has focused on the actual situation of the household of fishing community from the Haor perspective. The findings of the study have been categorized on the basis of five capitals (i.e., social, human, physical, financial and natural resources) that structure the conceptual framework of the study. It is shown that most of the fishing community in the Haor basin are living under the most unpleasant and vulnerable conditions in terms of income, food security, housing patterns, health and sanitation conditions. Other issues center around child marriage, family planning, and social relations among the dwellers of the community. Also, among the observed problems are decision making, power practice, participation in development activities, socio-economic position in education and local institutions.


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Author Biographies

Mohammad Ali Oakkas, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Bangladesh

Mohammad Ali Oakkas, PhD, is an Associate Professor in Social Work, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh. His major research interests lie in the field of Wetland management, Haor people, Ethnicity, NGOs Initiatives for social development, Food Security, and Gender Issues of Bangladesh. Email:

Md. Fakrul Islam, University of Rajshahi, Bangladessh

Md. Fakrul Islam, PhD, is a Professor in Social Work, University of Rajshahi, Bangladesh. His major research interests lie in the field of Socioeconomic policy, Water use and poverty reduction, Public health, Aged welfare, Microfinance and rural development, and Regional social policy.