Research on Hmong American College Students

A Scoping Review

  • Soua Xiong California State University, Fresno, USA
Keywords: Hmong American, higher education, college student, scoping review


The current study sought to review the existing literature that has contributed to our understanding of Hmong Americans in higher education. A literature search identified 32 articles that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria for the current review. The results of this scoping review demonstrate that research on Hmong American college students has received increased scholarly attention within the past six years and is primarily limited to academic communities that focused on Hmong studies. In addition, this body of research have mainly been examined qualitatively through a psychosociocultural lens with Hmong male and female university students. Based on these findings, recommendations for synthesizing the current research, shifting the focus of future research, and including theoretical perspectives in future research are provided.


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Author Biography

Soua Xiong, California State University, Fresno, USA

SOUA XIONG, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor and Coordinator of the Student Affairs and College Counseling Program at California State University, Fresno. His research interests include Hmong American student success, engagement of Southeast Asian male collegians, and support services for underserved students in community colleges. Email: