Kenya’s 2017 Basic Education Curriculum Framework

A Comprehensive Review


  • Prince Paa-Kwesi Heto INDIE Education Initiative, USA
  • Masumi H. Odari University of Nairobi, Kenya
  • Wyse Sunu INDIE Education Initiative, USA



Kenya, Basic Education Curriculum Framework, Student Centered, Competence Based Curriculum, Soka education


Kenya’s 2017 competency-based curriculum, the Basic Education Curriculum Framework (BECF), seeks to address the skills gap in the education system and make the curriculum relevant to learners. Using Soka education as the philosophical framework, we provide a comprehensive review of BECF. The analysis in this essay covers the noteworthy provisions, double-edge policies, inconsistencies, issues of concern, and potential hurdles to implementation. It argues that the curriculum is not likely to produce the intended outcome due to inherent contradictions in the framework and the lack of an effective implementation plan. While BECF provides a broad and ambitious roadmap for the transformation of the Kenyan education system, actualizing the bold vision of BECF will require an extensive overhaul of the education system, a herculean task


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Author Biographies

Prince Paa-Kwesi Heto, INDIE Education Initiative, USA

Prince Paa-Kwesi Heto is the President and CEO of INDIE Education Initiative. His major research area includes governance, international cooperation, trade, peacebuilding, development policy, education, poverty eradication, gender mainstreaming, youth empowerment. Email:

Masumi H. Odari, University of Nairobi, Kenya

MASUMI H. ODARI, Ph.D., is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of Literature, University of Nairobi, Kenya. Her major research interests lie in the area of Soka education, African literature, intercultural exchange programs, and social justice. Email:

Wyse Sunu, INDIE Education Initiative, USA

Wyse Koku Sunu, MBA, is the Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of INDIE Education Initiative. His major research interests lie in the area of auditing, financial accounting, indigenous and folk education, human capital development, and rural and community development.  Email:

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How to Cite

Heto, P. P.-K. ., Odari, M. H. ., & Sunu, W. (2020). Kenya’s 2017 Basic Education Curriculum Framework: A Comprehensive Review. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, 9(SI), 192–210.



Soka Approaches in Education (Published)