A Review of Classical Motivation Theories


hierarchy of needs, higher education, locus of control, motivation, needs theories, vicarious learnin

How to Cite

Kovach, M. (2018). A Review of Classical Motivation Theories. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in Education, 7(1), 34-53. Retrieved from https://www.ojed.org/index.php/jise/article/view/1059


This manuscript demonstrates the value of understanding locus of control in higher education.  Understanding this value provides educators with the ability to potentially predict academic outcomes, and have the foresight to guide students to achievement.  First, the manuscript identifies and explores the classic theories of motivation from the mid-1900s.  Then, a study is conducted that hypothesizes a correlation between demographic variables (age, gender, graduate/undergraduate classification) and locus of control using Rotter’s (1966) locus of control questionnaire.  Finally, examples from four different disciplines are provided.  This manuscript proposes suggestions for future research that will contribute to the findings of the overall construct of motivation, and more specifically, student locus of control in higher education. 


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