Social Capital and the U.S. College Experiences of International Student-Athletes and Non-Athletes

Keywords: athletes, college, international students, social capital, student experience

Abstract

This study shifts the tendency to focus on international students’ negative experiences of undertaking education in a host country to a group that enjoys an elevated level of support. By looking at international student-athletes compared with non-athletes, it is shown how the former group experiences the benefits of social capital. Insights relating to international student-athletes in the US reveal strong and ongoing support from coaches and teammates. It is shown that international student-athletes have far greater support structures compared with international non-athletes. In doing so, this study presents a new perspective to debates on what higher education institutions in host countries can do to support their international student populations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Helen Forbes-Mewett, Monash University, Australia

HELEN FORBES-MEWETT, PhD, is Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences at Monash University. Her major research interests lie in the areas of human security, international education, international student safety and security, migration, cultural diversity and social cohesion.

Madeleine Pape, Northwestern University, USA

MADELEINE PAPE, PhD, is a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Science and Human Culture program at Northwestern University. Her current research focuses on gendered organizational change and feminist debates surrounding the inclusion of sex and gender in biomedical research and the regulation of female eligibility in international sport.

References

Bale, J. (1987). Alien student-athletes in American higher education: locational decision making and sojourn abroad. Physical Education Review, 10(2), 81-93.

Bale, J. (1991). The brawn drain: Foreign student-athletes in American universities. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook of theory and research for the sociology of education (pp. 241-258). Ithaca: Greenwood Press.

Bowen, W.G., & Levin, S.A. (2003). Reclaiming the game: College sports educational values. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

British Council (2012). The rise in student safety concerns. London: Education Intelligence.

Cho, J., & Yu, H. (2015). Roles of university support for international students in the United States: Analysis of a systematic model of university identification, university support, and psychological well-being. Journal of Studies in International Education, 19, 11-27.

Clopton, A. (2010). The impact of intercollegiate athletic participation upon sense of community across multiple levels of competition. International Journal of Sport Management, 12(3), 440-456.

Coleman, J.S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94(Supplement: Organizations and Institutions), 95-120.

Comeaux, E. & Harrison, K.C. (2011). A conceptual model of academic success for student-athletes. Educational Researcher, 40(5), 235-245.

Das, R. (2004). Social capital and poverty of the wage-labour class: Problems with social capital theory. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 29(1), 27-45.

Elling, A., & Claringbould, I. (2005). Mechanism of inclusion and exclusion in the Dutch sports landscape: Who can and wants to belong? Sociology of Sport Journal, 22(4), 498-515.

Etzel, E., Watson, J.C., Visek, A.J., & Maniar, S.D. (2006). Understanding and promoting college student-athlete health: Essential issues for student affairs professionals. NASPA Journal, 43(3), 518-546.

Ferris, E., Finster, M., & McDonald, D. (2004). Academic fit for student-athletes: An analysis of

NCAA division I-A graduation rates. Research in Higher Education, 45, 555-575.

Field, J. (2003). Social capital. London: Routledge.

Fink, J., Pastore, D., & Riemer, H. (2001). Do differences make a difference? Managing diversity in Division IA intercollegiate athletics. Journal of Sport Management, 15(1), 10-50.

Forbes-Mewett, H., & Sawyer, A-M. (2016) International students and mental health. Journal of

International Students, 6(3), 661-677.

Forbes-Mewett, H. (2011). International education preparation: Minimising risk and furthering security. International Journal of Contemporary Sociology, 48(1), 61-92.

Forbes-Mewett, H., Marginson, M., Nyland, C., Ramia, G., & Sawir, E. (2009). Australian university international student finances. Higher Education Policy, 22(2), 141-161.

Forbes-Mewett, H., McCulloch, J., & Nyland, C. (2015). International students and crime. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Forbes-Mewett, H., & Nyland, C. (2008). Cultural diversity, relocation and the security of international students at an internationalised university. Journal of Studies in International Education, 12(2), 181-203.

Forbes-Mewett, H., & Nyland, C. (2013). Funding international student services: Tension and power in the university, Higher Education, 65(2), 181-192.

Gayles, J. L. (2009). The student athlete experience. New Directions for Institutional Research, 144(Winter), 33-41.

Gershon, W.S. (2012). Troubling notions of risk: Dissensus, dissonance, and making sense of students and learning. Critical Studies in Education, 53(3), 361-373.

Glass, C.R., & Gesing, P. (2018). The development of social capital through international students’ involvement in campus organizations. Journal of International Students, 8(3), 1274-1292.

Harrison, C., Stone, J., Shapiro, J., Yee., Boyd, J., & Rullan, V. (2009). The role of gender identities and stereotype salience with the academic performance of male and female college athletes. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 33(1), 78-96.

Hastie, B., & Rimmington, D. (2014). ‘200 years of white affirmative action’: White privilege discourse in discussions of racial inequality. Discourse & Society, 25(2), 186-204.

Hendrickson, B., Rosen, D., & Aune, R.K. (2011). An analysis of friendship networks, social connectedness, homesickness, and satisfaction levels of international students. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 35(3), 281-295.

Jacobs, D., & Tillie, J. (2004). Introduction: Social capital and political integration of migrants. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30(3), 419-427.

Lee, J., & Rice, C. (2007). Welcome to America? International student perceptions of discrimination. Higher Education, 53(3), 381-409.

Lewis, A. E. (2004). “What group?” Studying whites and whiteness in the era of “color-blindness.” Sociological Theory, 22(4), 623-646.

Lubker, J.R., & Etzel, E.F. (2007). College adjustment experiences of first-year students: Disengaged athletes, nonathletes, and current varsity athletes. NASPA Journal, 44(3), 457-480.

Luo, J., & Jamieson-Drake, D. (2013). Examining the educational benefits of interacting with international students. Journal of International Students, 3(1), 85-101.

Luo, J., & Jamieson-Drake, D. (2015). Predictors of study abroad intent, participation, and college outcomes. Research in Higher Education, 56(1), 29-56.

Marginson, S., Nyland, C. Sawir, E., & Forbes-Mewett, H. (2010). International student security. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Neri, F., & Ville, S. (2008). Social capital renewal and the academic performance of

international students in Australia. Journal of Socio-Economics, 37(4), 1515-1538.

Parry, G., McLeod, J., Hockings, C., & Kenway, J. (2011). A conversation on mobility, aspiration and voice. Critical Studies in Education, 52(2), 207-212.

Perks, T. (2007). Does sport foster social capital? The contribution of sport to a lifestyle of community participation. Sociology of Sport Journal, 24(4), 378-401.

Pierce, D., Popp, N., & Meadows, B. (2011). Qualitative analysis of international

student-athlete perspectives on recruitment and transitioning into American

college sport, The Sport Journal, 14(1).

Popp, N., Love, A.W., Kim, S., & Hums, M. (2010). Cross-cultural adjustments and international collegiate athletes. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 3, 163-181.

Portes, A. (2000). The two meanings of social capital. Sociological Forum, 15(1), 1-12.

Potuto, J.R., & O’Hanlon, J. (2007). National study of student-athletes regarding their experiences as college students. College Student Journal, 41(4), 947-966.

Ranson, S. (2012). Schools and civil society: corporate and community governance. Critical Studies in Education, 53(1), 29-45.

Ridinger, L., & Pastore, D. (2000). International student-athlete adjustment to college: a preliminary analysis. NACADA Journal, 20(1), 33-41.

Rienties, B., & Nolan, E.M. (2014). Understanding friendship and learning networks of international and host students using longitudinal Social Network Analysis. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 41, 165-180.

Rose-Redwood, C.R., & Rose-Redwood, R.S. (2013). Self-segregation or global mixing? Social interactions and the international student experience. Journal of College Student Development, 54(4), 413-429.

Schuller, T., Baron, S., & Field, J. (2000). Social capital: A review and critique. In S. Baron, J. Field and T. Schuller (Eds.) Social capital: Critical perspectives (pp. 1-38). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sprague, J. (2005). Feminist methodologies for critical researchers. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Boston: Kluwer Academic.

Thelin, J. (1994). Games colleges play: Scandal and reform in intercollegiate athletics. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Umbach, P., Palmer, M., Kuh, G., & Hannah, S. (2006). Intercollegiate athletics and effective educational practices: winning combination or losing effort? Research in Higher Education, 47(6), 709-733.

Ward, C., Bochner, S., & Furnham, A. (2001). The psychology of culture shock (2nd ed.). East Sussex: Routledge.

Wolf-Wendel, L., Toma, J, & Morphew, C. (2001). There’s no “I” in “team”: Lessons from athletics in community building. The Review of Higher Education, 24(4), 369-396.

Woolcock, M., & Narayan, D. (2000). Social capital: Implications for development theory, research and policy. World Bank Research Observer, 15(2), 225-249.

Yan, Z. & Sendall, P. (2016). First year experience: How we can better assist international students in higher education. Journal of International Students, 6(1), 35-51.

Yee, A. (2016). The unwritten rules of engagement: Social class differences in undergraduates’ academic strategies. The Journal of Higher Education, 87(6), 831-858.

Published
2019-08-15
How to Cite
Forbes-Mewett, H., & Pape, M. (2019). Social Capital and the U.S. College Experiences of International Student-Athletes and Non-Athletes. Journal of International Students, 9(3), 777-794. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v9i3.772
Section
Research Articles