Online Social Networking and Transnational-Competence Development Among International Students from Japan

  • Phyllis Ngai The University of Montana-Missoula
Keywords: intercultural communication, internationalization, social media, transnational competence

Abstract

Social media has become the window to the world near and far for international students. Apart from socializing and connecting with friends, what educational outcomes can be attributed to social networking sites (SNS)?  This study examines the possibility that intercultural interactions on SNS can serve as a means of developing the transnational competence required for effective participation in an interconnected world.  In this exploratory study, Japanese students studying in the United States participated in a mixed method study involving (1) a structured questionnaire about their perceived empowerment benefits of frequenting global SNS and (2) semi-structured interviews about the nature of these intercultural interactions on SNS.  The implications of Facebook use for transnational-competence development are explored.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Phyllis Ngai, The University of Montana-Missoula

DR. PHYLLIS BO-YUEN NGAI teaches in the Department of Communication Studies at The University of Montana-Missoula. Dr. Ngai’s research and teaching interests lie at the crossroads of language, culture, communication, and education. Currently, Phyllis teaches courses in intercultural communication, international development communication, and communication for social and behavior change.

References

Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Amichai-Hamburger, Y., & McKenna, K. (2006). The contact hypothesis reconsidered: Interacting via the internet. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 11, 825–843. doi: 10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.00037.x

Άlvarez Valencia, J. A., & Benavides, A. F. (2019). Using social networking sites for language learning to develop intercultural competence in language education programs. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 12(1), 23–42. https://doi.org/10.1080/17513057.2018.1503318

Avram, E. M. (2014). Facebook communication in higher education. SEA: Practical Application of Science, 5, 129–134.

Aydin, S. (2012). A review of research on Facebook as an educational environment. Educational Technology Research & Development, 60, 1093–1106. doi: 10.1007/s11423-012-9260-7

Barker, V., & Ota, H. (2011). Mixi diary versus Facebook photos: Social networking site use among Japanese and Caucasian American females. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 40(1), 39–63. doi: 10.1080/17475759.2011.558321

Blascovich, J., Mendes, W. B., Hunter, S. B., Lickel, B., & Kowai-Bell, N. (2001). Perceiver threat in social interactions with stigmatized others. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(2), 253–267.

Chen, L., & Hanasono, L. K. (2016). The effect of acculturation on Chinese international students' usage of Facebook and Renren. China Media Research, 12(1), 46–60.

Chen, S. X., & Bond, M. H. (2007). Explaining language priming effects: Further evidence for ethnic affirmation among Chinese-English bilinguals. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 26(4), 398–406.

Chen, S. X., & Bond, M. H. (2010). Two languages, two personalities? Examining language effects on the expression of personality in a bilingual context. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36(11), 1514–1528. doi: 10.1177/0146167210385360

Choi, S., Kim, Y., Sung, Y., & Sohn, D. (2011). Bridging or bonding? A cross-cultural study of social relationships in social networking sites. Information, Communication & Society, 14, 107–129. doi: 10.1080/13691181003792624

Ellison, N. B., Steinfield, C., & Lampe, C. (2007). The benefits of Facebook “friends”: Social capital and college students' use of online social network sites. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12, 1143–1168. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2007.00367.x

Ellison, N. B., Vitak, J., Gray, R., & Lampe, C. (2014). Cultivating social resources on social network sites: Facebook relationship maintenance behaviors and their role in social capital processes. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 19(4), 855–870. doi: 10.1111/jcc4.12078

Facebook. (2018). Newsroom: Stats. Retrieved from: https://newsroom.fb.com/company-info/

Fogg, B. J., & Iizawa, D. (2008). Online persuasion in Facebook and Mixi: A cross-cultural comparison. Persuasive Technology, 5033, 36–46. doi: 10.1007%2F978-3-540-68504-3_4

French, D. C., Bae, A., Pidada, S., & Lee, O. (2006). Friendships of Indonesian, South Korean, and U.S. college students. Personal Relationships, 13, 69–81. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2006.00105.x

Gareis, E. (2012). Intercultural friendship: Effects of home and host region. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 5(4), 309–328. doi: 10.1080/17513057.2012.691525

Hong, Y. Y., Morris, M. W., Chiu, C. Y., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2000). Multicultural minds: A dynamic constructivist approach to culture and cognition. American Psychologist, 55, 709–720.

Hung, H., & Yuen, S. C. (2010). Educational use of social networking technology in higher education. Teaching in Higher Education, 15(6), 703–714. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2010.507307

Hunt, E. (2016). Facebook brings the world three and a bit degrees of separation closer. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2016/feb/05/facebook-brings-the-world-three-and-a-bit-degrees-of-separation-closer

Jiang, Y. F., & de Bruijn, O. (2014). Facebook helps: A case study of cross-cultural social networking and social capital. Information, Communication & Society, 17(6), 732–749. doi:10.1080/1369118X.2013.830636

Jiang, Y. F., de Bruijn, O., & De Angeli, A. (2009). The perception of cultural differences in online self-presentation. In T. Gross, J. Gulliksen, P. Kotze, L., Oestreicher, P. Palanque, R. Oliveira Prates, & M. Winckler (Eds.), Human-computer Interaction (pp. 672-685). Berlin, Germany: Springer.

Junco, R. (2012). The relationship between frequency of Facebook use, participation in Facebook activities, and student engagement. Computers & Education, 58, 162–171. doi: 10.1016/j.compedu.2011.08.004

Khazan, O. (2013, January 4). The entire world is increasingly using Facebook. The Washington Post. Retrieved from http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2013/01/04/the-entire-world-is-increasingly-using-facebook/

Kim, K., Yun, H., & Yoon, Y. (2009). The Internet as a facilitator of cultural hybridization and interpersonal relationship management for Asian international students in South Korea. Asian Journal of Communication, 19(2), 152–169. doi: 10.1080/01292980902826880

Koehn, P. H., & Rosenau, J. N. (2010). Transnational competence: Empowering professional curriculums for horizon-rising challenges. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

Kotowski, M. R., & Dos Santos, G. M. (2010). The role of the connector in bridging borders through virtual communities. Journal of Borderlands Studies, 25(3–4), 150–158. doi: 10.1080/08865655.2010.9695777

Lebedko, M. G. (2014). Globalization, networking and intercultural communication. Intercultural Communication Studies, XXIII(1) 28–41.

Lee, K., & Ranta, L. (2014). Facebook: facilitating social access and language acquisition for international students? TESL Canada Journal, 31(2), 22-50.

Lee, S. W. S., Oyserman, D., & Bond, M. H. (2010). Am I doing better than you? That depends on whether you ask me in English or Chinese: Self-enhancement effects of language as a cultural mindset prime. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46(5), 785–791.

Lin, J., Peng, W., Kim, M., Kim, S. Y., & LaRose, R. (2011). Social networking and adjustment among international students. New Media & Society, 14(3), 421–440. doi: 10.1177/1461444811418627

Madge, C., Meek, J., Wellens, J., & Hooley, T. (2009). Facebook, social integration and informal learning at university: 'It is more for socializing and talking to friends about work than for actually doing work'. Learning, Media, and Technology, 34(2), 141–155. doi: 10.1080/17439880902923606

Mao, Y., & Qian, Y. (2015). Facebook use and acculturation: The case of overseas Chinese professionals in western countries. International Journal of Communication, 9, 2467–2486.

McEwan, B., & Guerrero, L. K. (2010). Freshmen engagement through communication: Predicting friendship formation strategies and perceived availability of network resources from communication skills. Communication Studies, 61(4), 445–465. doi:10.1080/10510974.2010.493762

McEwan, B., & Sobre-Denton, M. (2011). Virtual cosmopolitanism: Constructing third cultures and transmitting social and cultural capital through social media. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 4(4), 252–258. doi: 10.1080/17513057.2011.598044

Mitchell, A., Gottried, J., & Matsa, K. E. (2015). Millennials and political news. Retrieved from https://www.journalism.org/2015/06/01/millennials-political-news/

Park, N., Song, H., & Lee, K. M. (2014). Social networking sites and other media use, acculturation stress, and psychological wellbeing among East Asian college students in the united states. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 138–146. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.03.037

Pempek, T. A., Yermolayeva, Y. A., & Calvert, S. L. (2009). College students' social networking experiences. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 30(3), 227–238. doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.010

Pettigrew, T. F. (2008). Future directions for intergroup contact theory and research. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 32, 187–199. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2007.12.002

Pew Research Center. (January 9, 2015). Social media update 2014. Retrieved from http://www.pewinternet.org/2015/01/09/social-media-update-2014/

Pew Research Center. (June19, 2018). Social media use continues to rise in developing countries but plateaus across developed ones. Retrieved from http://www.pewglobal.org/2018/06/19/social-media-use-continues-to-rise-in-developing-countries-but-plateaus-across-developed-ones/

Pfister, D. S., & Soliz, J. (2011). (Re)conceptualizing intercultural communication in a networked society. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 4(4), 246–251. doi: 10.1080/17513057.2011.598043

Placencia, M. E., & Lower, A. (2013). Your kids are so stinkin’ cute!:-): Complimenting behavior on Facebook among family and friends. Intercultural Pragmatics, 10(4), 617–646.

Prescott, J., Wilson, S., & Becket, G. (2013). Facebook use in the learning environment: Do students want this? Learning, Media and Technology, 38(3), 345–350. doi: 10.1080/17439884.2013.788027

Qiu, L., Lin, H., & Leung, A. K. Y. (2013). Cultural differences and switching of in-group sharing behavior between an American (Facebook) and a Chinese (Renren) social networking site. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 44(1), 106–121. doi: 10.1177/0022022111434597

Ribchester, C., Wakefield, K., & Miller, G. (2012). Creating a transitional space for new students through pre-induction social networking. Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 36(3), 455–467. doi: 10.1080/03098265.2011.641172

Sakurai, T., McCall-Worlf, F., & Kashinm, E. S. (2010). Building intercultural links: The impact of a multicultural intervention programme on social ties of international students in Australia. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 34, 176–185. doi: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2009.11.002

Sharma, S. K., Joshi, A., & Sharma, H. (2016). A multi-analytical approach to predict the Facebook usage in higher education. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 340–353. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.09.020

Song, Z. (2016). Educating Asian international students: Toward a transcultural paradigm. East Asia, 33(1), 1–8. doi: 10.1007/s12140-016-9252-z

Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded theory methodology an overview. In N. K. Denzin, & Y.S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 273–285). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Tian, X. (2016). Network domains in social networking sites: expectations, meanings, and social capital. Information, Communication & Society, 19(2), 188–202. doi: 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1050051

The Task Force for Transnational Competence (1997). Towards transnational competence rethinking international education: A U.S-Japan case study. (No. 28). New York, NY: Institute of International Education.

Witteborn, S. (2011). Discursive grouping in a virtual forum: Dialogue, difference, and the "intercultural.” Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 4(2), 109–126. doi: 10.1080/17513057.2011.55682

Zhu, Z. (2012). A place we call “home”—International students in virtual context. Journal of International Students, 2(1), 99–106.

Zuckerman, E. (2013). Rewire: Digital cosmopolitans in the age of connection. New York: Norton.

Published
2019-05-15
How to Cite
Ngai, P. (2019). Online Social Networking and Transnational-Competence Development Among International Students from Japan. Journal of International Students, 9(2), 432-459. https://doi.org/10.32674/jis.v9i2.607
Section
Research Articles