Global Citizenship Development

Effects of Study Abroad and Other Factors


  • Hinako Kishino Soka University of America
  • Tomoko Takahashi Soka University of America



curricular and co-curricular programs, global citizenship education, liberal arts, interdisciplinary, study abroad


The present study examined the development of global citizenship traits in undergraduate students at a liberal arts college in Southern California. Two hundred and sixty-eight students participated in a survey that measured their global citizenship traits. Using a cross-sectional correlational design, the study examined the experience and development of the students as they strive to become global citizens. The results indicated that students face challenges and a sense of discomfort during study abroad, but their global citizenship traits tend to improve after return. Additionally, the study explored students’ perceptions of the curriculum, co-curricular activities, and campus life characteristics. The quantitative analyses suggested that the college’s mandatory study abroad program offers students an opportunity to seek their global citizenship identities.

Author Biographies

Hinako Kishino, Soka University of America

HINAKO KISHINO received her BA in liberal arts from Soka University of America in 2018. The present study is based on her senior capstone project, which she conducted with Tomoko Takahashi as her capstone mentor. Hinako plans to pursue a career in education.

Tomoko Takahashi, Soka University of America

TOMOKO TAKAHASHI, PhD, EdD, LHD, is the Dean of the Graduate School and Professor of Linguistics & Education at Soka University of America. Her research interests include second language acquisition, cross-cultural communication, and global citizenship education.


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How to Cite

Kishino, H., & Takahashi, T. (2019). Global Citizenship Development: Effects of Study Abroad and Other Factors. Journal of International Students, 9(2), 535–559.



Research Articles