Resilience and Intercultural Interactions of Italian Erasmus Students

The Relation with Cultural Intelligence


  • Valentina Dolce Université Lumière Lyon 2
  • Chiara Ghislieri Università degli Studi di Torino



Cultural Intelligence, Erasmus program, resilience, intercultural relations, international students


Cultural Intelligence (CQ) has been examined in the literature, nevertheless yet few studies have combined situational and personal aspects to enhance the comprehension of this construct, and none have considered resilience. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the role of international Erasmus students’ resilience, the length of the experience and the intercultural interactions of Italian Erasmus students in the relationship with CQ. Data were collected from 791 outgoing Italian Erasmus students using a self-report questionnaire. The findings suggested the existence of a significant relationship between resilience and all dimensions of CQ, showing, with the exception of the behavioural dimension, large betas. Forming friendships with international students was positively and moderately related to motivational and metacognitive CQ. Establishing relationships with locals was only positively and weakly related to cognitive CQ.  The time of sojourn was only positively weakly associated with the metacognitive CQ. Developments in international academic mobility policies are discussed.

Author Biographies

Valentina Dolce, Université Lumière Lyon 2

Valentina Dolce (Ph.D.) is Associate Professor at the Institute of Psychology (GRePS) of University Lumière Lyon 2 (France). Her research focuses on contemporary changes and their consequences on individuals well-being and on professional, family and social domains. She is particularly interested in two phenomena: globalization and advent of new technologies. Dr. Dolce’s research include: international mobility, transversal competences, intercultural competences, international career paths, well-being at work, work-family interface, technology use, leadership, followership and entrepreneurship.

Chiara Ghislieri, Università degli Studi di Torino

Chiara Ghislieri (Ph.D.) is Associate Professor in Work and Organizational Psychology at the Department of Psychology of University of Turin (Italy).  Her research interests particularly include: gender perspective in work and organizational psychology, work-family conflict and enrichment, job insecurity, well-being in organizations, vocational guidance and international careers, leadership, followership and entrepreneurship.


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How to Cite

Dolce, V., & Ghislieri, C. (2021). Resilience and Intercultural Interactions of Italian Erasmus Students: The Relation with Cultural Intelligence. Journal of International Students, 12(3), 674–693.



Research Articles (English)