Destination, Experience, Social Network, and Institution
An Exploratory Correlational Study of Four Academic Exchange Pull Factor Dimensions at University in the Republic of Korea
Keywords:Student mobility, Exchange students, Korean learning, Pull factors
Korean universities have shown a dramatic change in international student enrollment over the last 20 years. While a notable increase in enrollment is undeniable, factors related to international students at Korean universities are not well known or poorly understood. This exploratory correlational study investigated the relationship between gender and study level using the push-pull model among four pull factor dimensions: a) Appeal of Korea, b) Experiential Motivations, c) Social Network Influences, and d) Institutional Appeal. 601 short-term exchange students showed that Experiential Motivations were the most salient pull factor dimension in general. 2x3 ANOVA analyses indicated statistically significant differences by gender and study level among the four pull factor dimensions. We conclude by discussing mobility programs and the need to account for the different motivations of potential students typologically in order to design policies and programs more effectively.
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