A Developmental Sequence Model to University Adjustment of International Undergraduate Students

  • Saeid Chavoshi York University, Canada
  • Maxine Gallander Wintre York University, Canada
  • Stella Dentakos York University, Canada
  • Lorna Wright York University, Canada
Keywords: adjustment to university, developmental sequence model, emerging adulthood, undergraduate international students

Abstract

The current study proposes a Developmental Sequence Model to University Adjustment and uses a multifaceted measure, including academic, social and psychological adjustment, to examine factors predictive of undergraduate international student adjustment. A hierarchic regression model is carried out on the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire to examine theoretically pertinent predictors arranged in a developmental sequence in determining adjustment outcomes. This model accounted for over 60% of the variance in adjustment scores, and highlighted the importance of ecological factors in relation to student adjustment, such as social support, relationship with parents, and perceived institutional support as more useful than static measures of achievement such as high school GPA. Implications of these findings, including the important role of campus services, are discussed.

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Author Biographies

Saeid Chavoshi, York University, Canada

SAEID CHAVOSHI, is a doctoral student in Clinical-Developmental Psychology at York University. His research interests include the transition to university experience, time-management skills, and self-regulation.

Maxine Gallander Wintre, York University, Canada

MAXINE G. WINTRE, Ph.D. , C. Psych. Department of Psychology at York University. Dr. Wintre is a Professor in the Clinical-Developmental Psychology area and her research interests have focused on relations with parents, emerging adulthood, and the transition to university.

Stella Dentakos, York University, Canada

STELLA DENTAKOS, is a doctoral student in Clinical-Developmental Psychology at York University. Her research interests include acculturation, cognitive effort, and temporal discounting. 

Lorna Wright, York University, Canada

LORNA WRIGHT. Dr. Lorna Wright is EDC Professor of International Business, Associate Professor of Organizational Behaviour and Executive Director of the Centre for Global Enterprise at the Schulich School of Business, York University. Previously, she was Associate Vice President International of York University. Her PhD is from The University of Western Ontario and her research interests are in the areas of international students, cross-cultural management, and conditions for SME success internationally. 

Published
2018-07-01
How to Cite
Chavoshi, S., Wintre, M. G., Dentakos, S., & Wright, L. (2018). A Developmental Sequence Model to University Adjustment of International Undergraduate Students. Journal of International Students, 7(3), 703-727. Retrieved from https://www.ojed.org/index.php/jis/article/view/295
Section
Research Articles