International EFL/ESL Master Students’ Adaptation Strategies for Academic Writing Practices at Tertiary Level


  • Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia



academic writing practices, adaptation strategies, challenges, international graduate students, Master program


The present research provides insights into the different forms of adaptation strategies employed by international graduate students to overcome the challenges faced in the academic writing practices and gain access to their disciplinary communities of practice at Master’s level. Qualitative data was collected through semi-structured in-depth focus group interviews. Respondents were 70 international graduate students enrolled in various Master-level programs. Semi-structured focus group interviews allowed the international graduate students to share their own experiences in the employment of suitable adaptation strategies to overcome the challenges faced in their academic writing practices in the Master programs. The adaptation strategies employed include enhancing their English language proficiency, referring to non-formal advisory services, and improving their academic writing style.

Author Biography

Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

MANJET KAUR MEHAR SINGH, PhD, is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Languages, Literacies and Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia where she has been a faculty member since 1996. Manjet Kaur completed her PhD, Master and undergraduate studies at Universiti Sains Malaysia. Her major research interests lie in the area of academic literacies, academic integrity, higher education research and multiculturalism. She has published outstanding articles widely in her area. Manjet Kaur has served on various conference and workshop program committees at university, national and international level. She also serves as Editorial Board Member of journals at national and international level. One of the journals that she currently serves as the Editorial Board Member is Asian Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, UKM. 




How to Cite

Mehar Singh, M. K. (2018). International EFL/ESL Master Students’ Adaptation Strategies for Academic Writing Practices at Tertiary Level. Journal of International Students, 7(3), 620–643.



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