Factors Influencing Chinese International Students’ Strategic Language Learning at Ten Universities in the U.S.: A Mixed-Method Study

  • Yao Fu University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, United States
  • Crystal Machado Indiana University of Pennsylvania, United States
  • Zhenjie Weng Ohio State University, United States
Keywords: language learning strategies, mixed-method study, social factors

Abstract

This QUAL-QUAN mixed-method study employed a sociocultural interpretive framework to describe the Language Learning Strategies used by Chinese international students at ten universities in the U.S. During phase one, we used typological and interpretive analysis to identify nine factors that influenced 15 students’ strategy use at four universities. In phase two we employed regression analysis to study the influence of these factors and two others on 117 students’ strategy use at six U.S. universities. While participation and English proficiency level predicted direct strategies like memory, cognitive and compensatory strategies, participation was identified as the sole predictor of indirect strategies, like metacognitive, affective and social strategies. Findings have implications for college administrators, faculty and students.

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Author Biographies

Yao Fu, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, United States

YAO FU, Ed.D, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Wisconsin-Whitewater. Her major research interests lie in the area of teacher education, educational technology, and psychometric scale development. 

Crystal Machado, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, United States

CRYSTAL MACHADO, Ed.D, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Professional Studies, Indiana University of Pennsylvania. Her major research interests lie in the area of social justice, technology integration, and curriculum and instruction.

Zhenjie Weng, Ohio State University, United States

ZHENJIE WENG is a PhD student, majored in Foreign, Second and Multilingual Language Education in the Department of Education and Human Ecology, Ohio State University. Her major research interests lie in the area of ESL/EFL teacher education, second language acquisition, and second language literacy. 

Published
2018-10-01
How to Cite
Fu, Y., Machado, C., & Weng, Z. (2018). Factors Influencing Chinese International Students’ Strategic Language Learning at Ten Universities in the U.S.: A Mixed-Method Study. Journal of International Students, 8(4), 1891-1913. Retrieved from https://www.ojed.org/index.php/jis/article/view/237
Section
Research Articles