“The Entrepreneurial University:”
A Catalyst for the Redevelopment of the Azerbaijani Higher Education System
Keywords:Entrepreneurial university, knowledge economy, university-business partnership, post-Soviet, higher education
The notion of the “Entrepreneurial University” refers to a type of educational institution that enhances university-industry cooperation, applies innovative learning methods, and promotes multidisciplinary approaches. This article explores new challenges that Azerbaijani universities have faced as part of the Azerbaijani higher education transformation in the post-Soviet period. The research investigated the experiences of Western-style universities that have been building relationships with Western partners with substantial leadership experience in university innovation and, specifically, in establishing entrepreneurial universities. This paper argues that Azerbaijan's transition to a knowledge economy will require a substantive transformation of the country’s higher education system and, as such, must develop the entrepreneurial university model that has been embraced as an effective response to the challenges of our time by some U.S. universities.
Ahn, E. (2016). Education transformation in Kazakhstani higher education. Higher Education in Russia and Beyond. Special issue on the ‘Transformation of Higher Education Systems in Post-Soviet Countries.’ Retrieved from https://herb.hse.ru/data/2016/06/09/1116816162/1HERB_08_view.pdf#page=8
Altbach, P. G., & Salmi, J. (Eds.). (2011). The road to academic excellence: The making of world-class research universities. The World Bank.
Aris Kaloudis, Arild Aspelund, Per M. Koch, Thomas A. Lauvås, Marius Tuft Mathisen, Øivind Strand, Roger Sørheim, Torgeir Aadland, (2019). How Universities Contribute to Innovation: A Literature Review-based Analysis. Report. NTNU.
ARWU (2020), Methodology of Academic Ranking of World Universities by Shanghai Ranking. Retrieved from http://www.shanghairanking.com/grup/ranking-by-indicator.jsp
Audretsch, D. B. (2014). From the entrepreneurial university to the university for the entrepreneurial society. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(3), 313-321.
Bapna, Manish & John Talberth (2011): Q&A: What is a ‘Green’ Economy? Retrieved from http://www.wri.org/stories/2011/04/qa-what-green-economy
Beecher, B., Streitwieser, B., & Zhou, J. (2019). Comparative Strategies and National Policies in Building Educational Hubs in Hong Kong and South Korea. Industry & Higher Education, 34(2), 80-90.
BFUG (2015) Azerbaijan Report, THE BOLOGNA FOLLOW-UP GROUP by European Higher Education Area (EHEA). Retrieved from http://www.ehea.info/page-azerbaijan, information for 2012-2015 years
Bok, D. (2003). Universities in the Marketplace. The commercialization of higher education. Princeton UP.
Boudarbat, B., & Chernoff, V. (2012). Education–job match among recent Canadian university graduates. Applied Economics Letters, 19(18), 1923-1926.
CA (2018), Foreign patents of Azerbaijani universities and institutions, report, May, Clarivate Analytics.
Chrisman, J., Hynes, T. and Fraser, S. (1995). “Faculty Entrepreneurship and Economic development: The Case of the University of Calgary”. Journal of Business Venturing, 10: 267-81.
Clark, B. R. (1998). Creating entrepreneurial universities: Organizational pathways of transformation. Issues in higher education. Elsevier Science, New York.
Clark, B. R. (2004). Sustaining change in universities: Continuities in case studies and concepts. Maidenhead, England: Society for Research into Higher Education & Open University Press.
Cohen, W.M., Nelson R. R., & J. Walsh P. (2002). Links and Impacts: The Influence of Public Research on Industrial R&D. Management Science, 48(1), 1–23.
Crosier, D., & Parveva, T. (2013). The Bologna process: Its impact in Europe and beyond. Unesco.
Crow, M. M., & Dabars, W. B. (2015). Designing the new American university. JHU Press.
EC., OECD. (2012). A guiding framework for entrepreneurial universities.
EDS (2013), Education Development Strategy of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Etzkowitz, H. (1983)."Entrepreneurial Scientists and Entrepreneurial Universities in American Academic Science." Minerva, 21(2-3): 198-233.
Etzkowitz, H., & Zhou, C. (2017). The triple helix: University–industry–government innovation and entrepreneurship. Routledge.
Etzkowitz, H., Webster, A., Gebhardt, C., & Terra, B. R. C. (2000). The future of the university and the university of the future: evolution of ivory tower to entrepreneurial paradigm. Research policy, 29(2), 313-330.
Farsi, J. Y., Imanipour, N., & Salamzadeh, A. (2012). Entrepreneurial university conceptualization: case of developing countries. Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal, 4(2), 193-204.
Henry, E. (2008). The triple helix: university-industry-government innovation in action. London and New York: Routledge, 31.
Imanov K., (2019) Knowledge and technology plus investments and intellectual property equals to ecosystem of human capital of university and industry. Baku, Intellectual Property Agency of Azerbaijan Republic
Jacob, M., Lundqvist, M. and Hellsmark, H. (2003). Entrepreneurial transformations in the Swedish University system: the case of Chalmers University of Technology. Research Policy, 32(9), 1555-1569.
Kuzminov, I. I., Semenov, D. S., & Froumin, I. D. (2015). The structure of the university network: From the Soviet to Russian ‘master plan.’ Russian Education & Society, 57(4), 254-321.
Kuzminov, Y., Peskov, D. 2017. What Future Awaits Universities? Voprosy obrazovaniya / Educational Studies Moscow. 2017. No 3. P. 202–233
Lester, R. (2005). Universities, innovation, and the competitiveness of local economies. A summary Report from the Local Innovation Systems Project. Phase I. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Industrial Performance Center, Working Paper Series.
Lisyutkin M.A. & Froumin I.D. (2015) How Do Universities Degrade? Russian Education & Society, 57:6, 442-458, DOI: 10.1080/10609393.2015.1096136
Marginson, S., & Considine, M. (2000). The enterprise university: Power, governance, and reinvention in Australia. Cambridge University Press.
MoE (2019), Minister of Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, Retrieved from https://edu.gov.az/az/page/418/7327
Mowery, D.C., Nelson R., Sampat B., &Ziedonis A. (2003). The Ivory Tower and Industrial Innovation: University-Industry Technology Transfer before and after the Bayh-Dole Act. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
OECD (2019). OECD Education statistics database, Education at a glance: Transition from school to work. Retrieved from https://data.oecd.org/youthinac/youth-not-in-employment-education-or-training-neet.htm
Perkmann, M., & Walsh, K. (2007). University–industry relationships and open innovation: Towards a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9, 259-280.
Pospelova, T. (2017). The role of universities in cluster development (Doctoral dissertation, PhD Thesis, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia).
QS (2020), Methodology of World University Rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds Retrieved from https://www.topuniversities.com/qs-world-university-rankings/methodology
QS (2020), QS World University Rankings, Quacquarelli Symonds Limited, Retrieved from https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2020
Röpke, J. (1998). The Entrepreneurial University, Innovation, academic knowledge creation and regional development in a globalized economy. Working Paper Department of Economics, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Germany: 15.
Schleicher, A. (2011). The case for 21st century learning. OECD Observer, 282, 42-43.
Schwab, K. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution. Currency.
Scimago Journal & Country Rank (2018). SCImago Institutions Rankings (SIR) Retrieved from https://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank
Subotzky, G. (1999). Alternatives to the entrepreneurial university: New modes of knowledge production in community service programs. Higher education, 38(4), 401-440
Times Higher Education (2020). World University Rankings. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/2020/, Retrieved
Times Higher Education (2020). Methodology, World University Rankings. Retrieved from https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/world-university-rankings-2020-methodology
Toffler, A., & Alvin, T. (1980). The third wave (Vol. 484). New York: Bantam books.
Valehov, J. (2017). Integration targets for Higher Education: the reality of emergence of new generation universities. Azerbaijan Journal of Educational Studies, Ministry of Education of the Republic of Azerbaijan, (4), 13-23
Wagner, T., & Compton, R. A. (2012). Creating innovators: The making of young people who will change the world. Simon and Schuster.
WB (2018) Azerbaijan: The Role of Higher Education in Innovation. Washington, D.C.: World Bank Group.
Williams, G. (2003). The Enterprising University: Reform, Excellence and Equity. Buckingham: The Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press.
WIPO (2019) Global Innovation Index 2019, World Intellectual Property Organization. Retrieved from https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_gii_2019/az.pdf , https://www.wipo.int/publications/
WIPO (2020). Global Innovation Index 2020. World Intellectual Property Organization. Retrieved from https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_gii_2020/az.pdf
WoS (2020). WEB OF SCIENCE database. Retrieved from www.webofknowledge.com
Zomer, A., & Benneworth, P. (2011). The Rise of the University’s Rhird Mission. In, Reform of higher education in Europe (pp. 81-101). Brill Sense.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Comparative & International Higher Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The findings, interpretations, conclusions, and views expressed in Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education (JCIHE) are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to CIES, HESIG, or the sponsoring universities of the Editorial Staff. These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License. Readers are free to copy, display, and distribute articles that appear in JCIHE as long as the work is attributed to the author(s) and JCIHE, it is distributed for non-commercial purposes only, and no alteration or transformation is made in the work. All other uses must be approved by the author(s) or JCIHE. By submitting a manuscript, authors agree to transfer without charge the following rights to JCIHE upon acceptance of the manuscript: first worldwide serial publication rights and the right for JCIHE to grant permissions as its editors judge appropriate for the redistribution of the article, its abstract, and metadata associated with the article in professional indexing and reference services.