International Student Mobility and Internationalization of Higher Education in Hungary and China
A Comparative Analysis
Keywords:internationalization, higher education, international student, international education, study mobility
Global competition is currently reshaping higher education worldwide. Hungarian and Chinese higher education institutions are increasingly channeling resources to higher education development to promote the internationalization of higher education. There have been few studies specified differences between Hungarian and Chinese higher education internationalization. Over the past few years, both Hungarian and Chinese governments have started to prioritize raising international student mobility to enhance countries’ competitiveness at the global level. This article outlines the definition of higher education internationalization to provide a comprehensive understanding of this term. This article also briefly describes the background of higher education in Hungary and China and compares determinants of higher education internationalization between the two countries, particularly focusing on the context of international student mobility. This article summarizes and compares higher education internationalization indicators between Hungary and China. This article contributes to a better understanding of the development of higher education internationalization in Hungary and China.
Bista, K., Sharma, G., & Gaulee, U. (2018). International student mobility: Examining trends and tensions. In K. Bista (Ed.), International student mobility and opportunities for growth in the global marketplace (pp. 1–14). IGI Global.
Lajos, B. (2007). “Minõségi oktatást és kutatást eredményez½o reform körvonalai a hazai fels oktatásban” Élet és Irodalom, 17. Higher Education Reform for Quality Teaching and Research.
Cao, C., Zhu, C., & Meng, Q. (2016). A survey of the influencing factors for international academic mobility of Chinese university students. Higher Education Quarterly, 70(2), 200–220. https://doi.org/10.1111/hequ.12084
Caruso, R., & De Wit, H. (2015). Determinants of mobility of students in Europe: Empirical evidence for the period 1998-2009. Journal of Studies in International Education, 19(3), 265–282. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315314563079
Choudaha, R. (2017). Three waves of international student mobility (1999–2020). Studies in Higher Education, 42(5), 825–832. https://doi.org/10.1080/03075079.2017.1293872
Cohen, J. H., & Sirkeci, I. (2011). Cultures of migration: The global nature of contemporary mobility. University of Texas Press.
Erling, E. J., & Hilgendorf, S. K. (2006). Language policies in the context of German higher education. Language Policy, 5(3), 267–293.
González, C. R., Mesanza, R. B., & Mariel, P. (2011). The determinants of international student mobility flows: An empirical study on the Erasmus programme. Higher education, 62(4), 413–430. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-010-9396-5
Hárs, Á. & E. Sík. (2008). Permanent or circular migration? Policy choices to address demographic decline and labour shortages in Europe. International Organization for Migration.
Huang, F. (2003). Policy and practice of the internationalization of higher education in China. Journal of Studies in International Education, 7(3), 225–240. https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315303254430
Juhász, J. (2003). Hungary: Transit country between East and West. Migration Policy Institute. www.migrationinformation.org/Profiles/display.cfm?ID=181.
Kasza G. (2010). Helyzetkép a nemzetközi hallgatói mobilitásról. “A snapshot of international student mobility”. Diplomás pályakövetés IV.
Kell, P., & Vogl, G. (n.d.). Trans-national education: The politics of mobility, migration and the wellbeing of international students. Retrieved April 19, 2021. https://ro.uow.edu.au/edupapers/948
Knight, J. (2008). Higher education in turmoil: The changing world of internationalization. Brill Sense.
Kozma, T. (2004). Kié az egyetem: a fels oktatás nevelésszociológiája. Who Runs the University? A Sociology of Higher Education. Budapest: Új Mandátum.
Kulcsar, L. J., & Domokos, T. (2005). The post‐socialist growth machine: the case of Hungary. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 29(3), 550–563. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2427.2005.00605.x
Li, F. (2016). The internationalization of higher education in China: The role of government. Journal of International Education Research, 12(1), 47–52. https://doi.org/10.19030/jier.v12i1.9566
Lin, P. L. (2019). Trends of internationalization in China’s higher education: Opportunities and challenges. US-China Education Review B, 9(1), 1–12. http://www.davidpublisher.com/index.php/Home/Article/index?id=39554.html
Pusztai, G., & Szabó, P. C. (2008). The Bologna Process as a Trojan Horse: Restructuring higher education in Hungary. European Education, 40(2), 85–103. https://doi.org/10.2753/EUE1056-4934400205
Pusztai, G., Fekete, I. D., Dusa, A. R., & Varga, E. (2006). Knowledge brokers in the heart of Europe: International student and faculty mobility in Hungarian higher education. Hungarian Educational Research Journal, 6(1), 60¬–75. http://herj.lib.unideb.hu/file/3/577239b8e4933/szerkeszto/pusztai_fid_dusa_varga_2.pdf
Qiang, Z. (2003). Internationalization of higher education: Towards a conceptual framework. Policy Futures in Education, 1(2), 248–270. https://doi.org/10.2304/pfie.2003.1.2.5
Said, H., Ahmad, I., Mustaffa, M. S., & Abd Ghani, F. (2015). Role of campus leadership in managing change and challenges of internationalization of higher education. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(4), 82–82. https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/6981
Ternai, K., Szabó, I. (2016). Semantic spplication for the internationalization audit of higher education institutions. In A Kő & E. Francesconi (Eds.), Electronic Government and the Information Systems Perspective. EGOVIS 2016. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 9831. Springer, Cham.
Tompos A. (2019). International students at a young Hungarian university: motivations and challenges. In Proceedings of International Academic Conferences (No. 9811562). International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
Wit H. D., & Knight J. A. (1999). Quality and internationalisation in higher education. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Wu, H. (2019). Three dimensions of China’s “outward-oriented” higher education internationalization. Higher Education, 77(1), 81–96.
Yang, P. (2020). China in the global field of international student mobility: an analysis of economic, human and symbolic capitals. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/03057925.2020.1764334
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Comparative & International Higher Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The findings, interpretations, conclusions, and views expressed in Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education (JCIHE) are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to CIES, HESIG, or the sponsoring universities of the Editorial Staff. These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License. Readers are free to copy, display, and distribute articles that appear in JCIHE as long as the work is attributed to the author(s) and JCIHE, it is distributed for non-commercial purposes only, and no alteration or transformation is made in the work. All other uses must be approved by the author(s) or JCIHE. By submitting a manuscript, authors agree to transfer without charge the following rights to JCIHE upon acceptance of the manuscript: first worldwide serial publication rights and the right for JCIHE to grant permissions as its editors judge appropriate for the redistribution of the article, its abstract, and metadata associated with the article in professional indexing and reference services.