Motivation Factors of International Students Studying Under the Trump Administration
There has been a decreasing number of international students studying in the United States due to the unstable and unwelcoming environment. Push-pull factors between the host and home countries have been the primary motivations for international students studying abroad, but those factors do not consider the current administration. This study aims to explore the motivation and the potential cost factors of international students applying and persisting in American higher education under the Trump administration.
Barron, Kenneth E., and Chris S. Hulleman. 2015. “Expectancy-value-cost Model of Motivation.” Psychology 84: 261-271.
Chirkov, Valery, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Ran Tao, and Martin Lynch. 2007. “The Role of Self-determined Motivation and Goals for Study Abroad in the Adaptation of International Students.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations 31(2): 199-222.
De Wit, Hans. 2002. “Internationalization of Higher education in the United States of America and Europe: A Historical, Comparative, and Conceptual Analysis.” Greenwood Publishing Group.
Khadria, Binod. 2011. “India Amidst a Global Competition for Its Talent: A Critical Perspective on Policy for Higher and University Education.” In Higher education in the Asia-Pacific, pp. 395-412. Springer, Dordrecht.
Li, Mei, and Mark Bray. “Cross-border Flows of Students for Higher Education: Push–pull Factors and Motivations of Mainland Chinese Students in Hong Kong and Macau.” Higher education 53(6): 791-818.
Mazzarol, Tim, and Geoffrey N. Soutar. 2002. “ ‘Push-pull’ Factors Influencing International Student Destination Choice.” International Journal of Educational Management 16(2): 82-90.
Nghia, Tran Le Huu. (2019). “Motivations for Studying Abroad and Immigration Intentions.” Journal of International Students.
Pottie-Sherman, Yolande. 2018. “Austerity Urbanism and the Promise of Immigrant-and Refugee-centered Urban Revitalization in the US Rust Belt.” Urban Geography 39(3): 438-457.
Putwain, David W., Laura J. Nicholson, Reinhard Pekrun, Sandra Becker, and Wendy Symes. 2019. “Expectancy of Success, Attainment Value, Engagement, and Achievement: A Moderated Mediation Analysis.” Learning and Instruction 60: 117-125.
Redden, Elizabeth, 2014. Retaining international students post-graduation. Inside Higher Ed.
Rodríguez, Claudia, Camila Restrepo Chavez, and Courtenay Klauber. 2019. “International Graduate Student Challenges and Support.” International research and review 8(2): 49-64.
Rose-Redwood, CindyAnn, and Reuben Rose-Redwood. 2017. “Rethinking the Politics of the International Student Experience in the Age of Trump.” Journal of International Students 7(3): I-IX.
Usher, Ellen L. 2015. “Personal Capability Beliefs.” Handbook of educational psychology. 146-159.
Schulmann, Paul, and Cindy Le. 2018. “Navigating a New Paradigm for International Student Recruitment. Report 10.” World Education Services.
Wigfield, Allan, and Jacquelynne S. Eccles. (Eds.). (2002). “Development of achievement motivation.” Retrieved from https://ebookcentral-proquest-com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu
Zheng, X. H. 2003. “An Analysis on Study Abroad of Graduates of Undergraduate in Tsinghua University." Research on China’s foreign cultural exchange in higher education. 199- 237.
Zhou, Ji. 2015. “International students’ motivation to pursue and complete a Ph. D. in the US.” Higher Education 69(5): 719-733.
Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Comparative & International Higher Education
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
The findings, interpretations, conclusions, and views expressed in Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education (JCIHE) are entirely those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to CIES, HESIG, or the sponsoring universities of the Editorial Staff. These works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 4.0 License. Readers are free to copy, display, and distribute articles that appear in JCIHE as long as the work is attributed to the author(s) and JCIHE, it is distributed for non-commercial purposes only, and no alteration or transformation is made in the work. All other uses must be approved by the author(s) or JCIHE. By submitting a manuscript, authors agree to transfer without charge the following rights to JCIHE upon acceptance of the manuscript: first worldwide serial publication rights and the right for JCIHE to grant permissions as its editors judge appropriate for the redistribution of the article, its abstract, and metadata associated with the article in professional indexing and reference services.