The 2017 Trump Administration travel ban and international graduate applications at two Texas public universities
Keywords:international students, Muslim students, government policy, Trump administration, travel ban
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which the Trump administration ban on individuals from 7 Muslim-majority countries (i.e., Executive Order 13769), influenced prospective international graduate applicants to two Texas institutions. Inferential statistical procedures revealed the presence of a statistically significant, sharp decline in international graduate applicants, particularly from Muslim-majority countries. From Fall 2016 to Fall 2018, international graduate applicants from non-Muslim-majority countries declined 18.36%. Over this same time period, applicants from Muslim-majority countries declined 33.37%. Most notably, applicants from the 7 countries targeted in the travel ban declined 53.93%. Concerns clearly exist regarding the effects of this travel ban on international student mobility. Implications of these findings and recommendations for future research are discussed.
Berry, J. W., & Kalin, R. (1995). Multicultural and ethnic attitudes in Canada. An overview of the 1991 national survey. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 27, 301–320.
Bhattacharyya, A. (2017). International Students in the Age of Trump. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 34(6), 20–21.
Bista, K., & Dagley, A. (2014). Higher education preparation and decision-making trends among international students. College and University, 90(3), 2–11.
Charles-Toussaint, G. C., & Crowson, H. M. (2010). Prejudice against international students: The role of threat perceptions and authoritarian dispositions in U.S. students. The Journal of Psychology, 144(5), 413–428.
Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Cole, D., & Ahmadi, S. (2010). Reconsidering campus diversity: An examination of Muslim students’ experiences. The Journal of Higher Education, 81(2), 121–139. doi:10.1080/00221546.2010.11779045
Corenblum, B., & Stephan, W. G. (2001). White fears and native apprehensions: An integrated threat theory approach to intergroup attitudes. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 33(4), 251–268.
Cubillo, J., Sánchez, J., & Cerviño, J. (2004). International students' decision-making process. International Journal of Educational Management, 20(2), 101–115. doi:10.1108/09513540610646091
Danso, H. A., Sedlovskaya, A., & Suanda, S. H. (2007). Perceptions of immigrants: Modifying the attitudes of individuals higher in social dominance orientation. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1113–1123.
Gay, L. R., & Airasian, P. W. (2000). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.
Harrison, N., & Peacock, N. (2010). Cultural distance, mindfulness and passive xenophobia: Using Integrated Threat Theory to explore home higher education students perspectives on internationalisation at home. British Educational Research Journal, 36, 877–902. doi:10.1080/014119209031191047
Institute of International Education [IIE]. (2017). International students enrollment trends, 1948/49-2016/2017. Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange. Retrieved from http://www.iie.org/opendoors
Islam, M. R., & Hewstone, M. (1993). Dimensions of contact as predictors of intergroup anxiety, perceived out-group variability, and out-group attitude: An integrative model. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19, 700–710.
Lapowsky, I. (2017, July). Trump’s policies are sending precious startup jobs to Canada. WIRED. Retrieved from https://www.wired.com/story/pausing-international-entrepreneur-rule-sends-jobs-to-canada/
Lewin, L. (2017, January). These are the faces of Trump’s ban. CNN. Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/interactive/2017/01/politics/immigration-ban-stories/
Macrander, A. (2017). An international solution to a national crisis: Trends in student mobility to the United States post 2008. International Journal of Educational Research, 82, 1–20. doi:10.1016/j.ijer.2016.12.003
Mascarenhas, N. (2017, February). Why this student entrepreneur is uprooting her American dream. BostInno. Retrieved from https://www.americaninno.com/boston/student-entrepreneur-edtech-startup-goes-to-canada-after-trump-immigration-ban/
Mazzarol, T., & Soutar, G. N. (2002). “Push-pull” factors influencing international student destination choice. International Journal of Educational Management, 16(2), 82–90. doi:10.1108/09513540210418403
McGuire, K. M., Casanova, S., & Davis, C. H. F., III. (2016). “I’m a Black female who happens to be Muslim”: Multiple marginalities of an immigrant Black Muslim woman on a predominantly white campus. The Journal of Negro Education, 85(3), 316–329.
Menard, S. (2008). Handbook of longitudinal research: Design, measurement, and analysis. New York, NY: Academic Press.
Mueller, R. E. (2009). Does the Statue of Liberty still face out? The diversion of foreign students from the United States to Canada in the post 9/11 period. The Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 39(1), 15–43.
Pew Research Center (2011). The future of the global Muslim population. Washington, D.C. Retrieved June 21, 2018 from http://assets.pewresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/11/2011/01/FutureGlobalMuslimPopulation-WebPDF-Feb10.pdf
Prinster, R. (2016, June 28). International students provide colleges a mutually beneficial relationship. INSIGHT Into Diversity. Retrieved from http://www.insightintodiversity.com
Pyle, A. S., Linvill, D. L., Gennett, S. P. (2017). From silence to condemnation: Institutional responses to “travel ban” Executive Order 13769. Public Relations Review, 44, 214–233. doi: 10.1016/j.pubrev.2017.11.002
Redden, E. (2018a). A year of travel bans. Retrieved June 21, 2018, from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/02/01/year-later-trump-administrations-travel-restrictions-opposed-many-higher-ed-are
Redden, E. (2018b). Supreme Court upholds Trump's travel ban. Retrieved June 27, 2018, from https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/06/27/supreme-court-upholds-trumps-travel-ban-5-4-ruling
Rose-Redwood, C., & Rose-Redwood, R. (2017). Rethinking the politics of the international student experience in the age of Trump. Journal of International Students, 7(3), I–IX. doi:10.5281/zenodo.569939
Slate, J. R., & Rojas-LeBouef, A. (2011). Calculating basic statistical procedures in SPSS: A self-help and practical guide to preparing theses, dissertations, and manuscripts. Ypsilanti, MI: NCPEA Press.
Stephan, W. G., & Stephan, C. W. (1985). Intergroup anxiety. Journal of Social Issues, 41, 157–175.
Stephan, W. G., & Stephan, C. W. (2000). An integrated theory of prejudice. In S. Oskamp (Ed.), Reducing prejudice and discrimination (pp. 23–45). New York, NY: Psychology Press.
Tausch, N., Hewstone, M., & Roy, R. (2009). The relationships between contact, status, and prejudice: An Integrated Threat Theory analysis of Hindu-Muslim relations in India. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology, 19, 83–94.
Thadani, T., & Fracassa, D. (2017, February). Trump order dashes hopes of would-be entrepreneurs. San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from https://www.sfchronicle.com/business/article/Trump-order-dashes-hopes-of-would-be-entrepreneurs-10901727.php
Thomas, K. J. A., & Inkpen, C. (2017). Foreign student emigration to the United States: Pathways of entry, demographic antecedents, and origin-country contexts. International Migration Review, 51(3), 789–820. doi:10.1111/imre.12265
Velasco González, K., Verkuyten, M., Weesie, J., & Poppe, E. (2008). Prejudice towards Muslims in The Netherlands: Testing integrated threat theory. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47(4), 667–685. doi:10.1348/014466608X284443
How to Cite
Unless otherwise noted, copyrights for the texts which comprise all issues of Higher Education Politics & Economics (HEPE) are held by the Journal. The compilation as a whole is Copyright © by HEPE, all rights reserved. Items published by HEPE may be freely shared among individuals, but they may NOT be republished in any medium without express written consent from the author(s) and advance notification of the HEPE editorial board. For permission to reprint articles published in the Journal, please contact the Editor-in-Chief.