Why are we Really Suspending this Student?: The Relationship Among ACEs, ADHD and High School Suspension Rates
Keywords:Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), Trauma, Suspension, Out-of-School Suspension (OSS), Trauma-Sensitive Schools, In-School Suspension (ISS), Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship among high school suspension rates, scores received on the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) measurement, and a self-reported diagnosis of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Seven-hundred and fifty high school participants completed the ACE measurement and self-reported whether they had ever been diagnosed with ADHD. Each participant’s answers were compared with their respective high school discipline record. This study’s findings suggest that having a combination of ACEs and ADHD increases a student’s chances for being removed from school for misbehavior.